When we talk about fake news it means misinformation, disinformation or mal information.
Such pieces of information spread through word of mouth, traditional media and through digital forms of communication such as fake video clips, news stories with morphed media logos, memes and social media propagated rumours.
News has a great impact on our minds. It is through the news that we form any opinion.
In such circumstances, if we come across any piece of false information, a deviation occurs and it influences our thinking and modus operandi.
With the decreasing price rate of smartphones and internet data, the number of smartphone users has rapidly increased.
Social media apps and websites have become a major source of sharing news and information. Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter are some most popular social media apps and websites
Forms of fake news
But, these apps and websites are also becoming a source of sending misinformation.
Such information being political in nature may be in the form in false news, photoshopped images, morphed audio or video, photo of the famous person tagged with a fake message or twit.
A large number of people whether urban or rural, are still new to smartphones. They are unable to differentiate between fake and true news.
Such pieces of false news are provocative and aggravating. After reading them, we develop anger and hatred.
Effects of misinformation
False news and misinformation are big strokes on our democracy. False information often causes protests, mob lynching events and other administrative problems to the state.
Almost every one or two years, Vidhan sabha elections are held in some state or the other. Fake news circulated on social media platforms can influence the voters.
A group of American people allege that the presidential election of the USA in 2016 was influenced by the distribution of misguided information on social media apps and websites.
Our government in collaboration with social media platforms is taking stern action to curb the propagation of fake news. These apps and websites trace for fake news and after verification delete such pieces of false news and information.
The central and state governments are taking proper steps to book under the law the persons who spread false information.
what citizens can do to curb the spread of false news
As a responsible citizen, we can also take an active role to stop the spread of false news and information.
To like, forward or share any piece of news or information is nothing but to give consent to it. So we should ignore such information which is provocative or hateful as it may be fake.
We must cross-verify any news or information through a trusted news website on the internet ahead of sharing it.
Similarly, we can verify the authenticity of an image by uploading it on google image. If it shows no result or any source, the image is false.
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