We all know that India got freedom on 15th August 1947. Every year on this date, Indian people celebrate it as Independence Day with great pomp and fervour. The Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag at Delhi Red Fort and addresses the country. The day is celebrated as a national festival.
Several events and cultural programmes are organised all over the country. On this day, we remember the sacrifice of our freedom fighters and swear to keep the unity and integrity of our country.
Reason for selecting the date of independence
But why the date of 15th August was chosen for the independence of India. There is an interesting fact behind this. It was none other than Lord Mountbatten who decided August 15 for the independence of India. He considered this date to be lucky for himself.
On that date, the Japanese army had surrendered before the allied countries in World War II. Lord Mountbatten was the commander of the allied forces. In this way, 15th August 1947 became the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender for England and first Independence Day for India.
However, India is not the only country to mark Independence Day on 15th August. There are five other countries that got independence on this date. Let’s have a glance at these countries of the world.
Democratic Republic of Congo
The country is also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo. It has been named after the river Congo which flows across the country. This central African country got freedom from French colonization on August 15, 1960. The Republic of Congo had come under French rule in 1880.
This is an East Asian country constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. North Korea, a Soviet Union administered zone, gained independence from Japan on August 15, 1945, after the latter’s surrender in World War II. However, the government was formed after three years in 1948. The country was officially named as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
The US administered zone- South Korea was established in 1948 when the efforts of the unification of Korea failed. South Korea is a highly developed country in the world. Most importantly, Korean citizens enjoy the world’s fastest internet connection speeds and the longest years of tertiary education in the world. The country celebrates the day of independence as Gwangbokjeol (the day of light returned).
Officially the Kingdom of Bahrain is an island country of Persian Gulf. The country declared its independence from the British colonial rules on August 15, 1971.
This is the world’s sixth smallest country. Liechtenstein got freedom from German rule on 15th August 1866 and celebrates the occasion as a national day since 1940. The country is bordered by Switzerland and Austria.
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