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Abrogation of Article 370 and future of Jammu & Kashmir

Abrogation of Article 370 and future of Jammu & Kashmir

With the abrogation of Article 370, the Indian government made a historic decision on August 5, 2019, and it will pave the way for the bright future of Jammu and Kashmir.

By scrapping most of the provisions of Article 370 of the Indian constitution, it bifurcated Jammu and Kashmir into two different Union Territories – Jammu-Kashmir and Laddakh.


Paradise of the earth


Jammu & Kashmir is worldwide famous as paradise on the earth.  Before the bifurcation of the region, it consisted of three major regions i.e. Jammu, Kashmir and Laddakh.

Jammu, known as winter capital, is a pilgrimage of the holy shrine of Amarnath.

Kashmir has the beauty of landscapes, Himalayan valleys and snow greenery.

Laddakh – Little Tibet of India, is world-famous for its mountain beauty, Buddhist culture and monasteries.


Constitutional status


When Jammu & Kashmir became a part of India, special status was granted to the state by the virtue of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution.

Through this status, the state was allowed to function through separate laws.

So, our leaders expected that by giving extra autonomy, the state would flourish and people would lead a happy and prosperous life.

Unfortunately, it could not so happen. The long period of seven decades is enough to decide the fate of the state.

In these years, the state had to face the curse of unrest, protest, violence and blood.  As a result, Jammu & Kashmir could not develop so much as compared to other states of the country.


The state of Jammu & Kashmir always remained a trouble spot. It cost heavily to the country as well in the form of money. The government had to deploy extreme security to maintain normalcy in the region.

Moreover, about one-fourth of the defence budget was expended for the state.

Some countrymen demanded the revocation of Article 370 and 35A granted to Jammu & Kashmir.

In their opinion, the extra autonomy was one of the main reasons for the dismal condition of the state.

Now, the Government of India has made Article 370 and 35A inoperative by the Presidential order.

As a result, Jammu & Kashmir and Laddakh have been made two different Union Territories.

The natural beauty of Kashmir | Image courtesy: Steemit


One Nation, One Citizen


There are several positive impacts of the removal of Article 370. First of all, it gives the feeling of “One Nation, One Citizen”. Now we can say with pride that our country is governed by a single constitution.

The revocation of Article 370 is also beneficial for Jammu & Kashmir. The fundamental rights granted under Part 3 of our constitution will now be applicable in the new Union Territory.

Besides, the right to education will be applicable that ensures the growth in the region.

Not only will business entrepreneurs be attracted to invest in different fields but also new industries and infrastructures will be set up.

There will be a substantial increase in employment. All these factors will be helpful to eradicate poverty and Jammu & Kashmir can become the Switzerland of India.


However, it would be wrong to think that the situation in Jammu & Kashmir would change in one night.

It would take some more time to emend the plights of people who have suffered for more than 70 years.

It is the responsibility of the whole nation to co-operate with the government and not spread any rumour or fake news about the situation in the region.

If you liked the article, please give your feedback in the comment box.


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ICC, cricket world cup

England and New Zealand teams deserve to be joint world champions

The ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 ended with the blend of mixed emotions.  There were thrill, delight, surprise, disappointment, anger and commiseration in the final match.

This was the first finale of the Cricket World Cup which had winners, but a no loser.

Despite the fact, only one team celebrated the victory and went away with the trophy.  The other team could reap only admiration and sympathy for their part.  Isn’t it ridiculous?

The grand finale was played between the host team England and New Zealand.  The world witnessed a tie match in both 50 overs and super overs.

Such was the passion in both teams for getting the maiden cup!


England and new zealand should be joint winner.
The England team rejoicing with the ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 | Image source: BBC


An utter disappointment to cricket fans


But alas! The unfair rule destroyed the spirit of the game.  England were declared the winner only for the count of boundaries.

The ICC gave the message to the upcoming generation that cricket is the game of only batting and not of bowling and fielding!

A beautiful game was decided through an irrational logic.  Players work hard for four years in the preparation of this tournament so that they could perform with their best on the playground.

Cricket fans around the world pay hefty prices for tickets.  They leave their important schedules to watch the matches for hours and to see their teams win.


England and New zealand should be the joint winner
Kiwi team getting disappointed after the tied up match | Image source: Sport24

And what the cricket pandits sitting at the ICC did!  They played with the emotions of players and fans.  The match should not have a sole winner until we arrive at a fair decision.

This way, both the finalists should have been the world champions.  After all, it is the biggest tournament the ICC organizes on every four year .

No doubt that the England team played well.  But the Kiwi team also chased the score brilliantly till the last moment.  Such a game is rarely to be seen.

So, the decision is impossible to digest.  The cricket fraternity has shown an utter disappointment on the decision.




Both teams deserve the world cup


Was it so important to decide only one team as the winner?  If it were a semi-final match, the ICC could have thought of declaring the sole winner so that one of the finalists may be decided.

However, rules are rules.  We have to comply with them.  And according to the rule, the England team were crowned world champions.

But the ICC needs to review its rules and ensure that in future, these rules may not spoil the game spirit.

The rules should not bring injustice to any team and they should not ignore public sentiments.

If you liked the article, please leave the comment.

We should consider all aspects of joint elections

Are joint elections good for democratic India?

Are joint elections good for democratic India?  Whether India should proceed for simultaneous elections or frequent elections are healthier for the strong democracy of the nation?

Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi has proposed “One Nation, One Election”. It means to hold the elections for the Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies at the same time. The Law Commission, Parliament Standing Committee and Niti Ayog have already recommended for joint elections.


Benefits of joint elections


Almost every year, elections are held in some states of the country. This brings a huge burden on the national economy. A large number of army men, police personnel and civilians are deployed in every election. The model code of conduct also hampers to implement government policies. Certainly, joint elections can be a good solution to these issues.


This is true that joint elections have been held for four consecutive terms after independence. But the circumstances were different at that time. Presently, we will have to dissolve the government of all the states to hold simultaneous polls. Certainly, this would be a herculean task as no state would like the dissolution of its government.


Shortcomings of simultaneous elections


Moreover, joint elections have the capability to mix up central and state-level issues. National issues may dominate the regional ones. So no doubt, the regional parties will be reluctant to go for simultaneous elections for the fear of electoral loss.

What if the central or any state government falls on account of lack of majority? We will have to either impose President’s rule for the remaining terms or hold a fresh election in the state. While the first option is not good for the representative democracy, the second option will again bring the country into frequent elections mode.

Frequent elections give the political parties an opportunity to evaluate themselves and remove their shortcomings. Separate elections provide feedback to the parties and an opportunity to improve their performance. This is good for a healthy democracy.  Certainly, these benefits are missing in joint elections

Conclusively, joint elections have their own pros and cons that we cannot ignore. So, there should be a healthy and nationwide discussion on the issue of simultaneous elections.


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Threats of fake news

Threats of fake news in democratic India

When we talk about fake news it means misinformation, disinformation or mal information. 

Such pieces of information spread through word of mouth, traditional media and through digital forms of communication such as fake video clips, news stories with morphed media logos, memes and social media propagated rumours.

News has a great impact on our minds.  It is through the news that we form any opinion. 

In such circumstances, if we come across any piece of false information, a deviation occurs and it influences our thinking and modus operandi.

With the decreasing price rate of smartphones and internet data, the number of smartphone users has rapidly increased. 

Social media apps and websites have become a major source of sharing news and information.  Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter are some most popular social media apps and websites


Forms of fake news


But, these apps and websites are also becoming a source of sending misinformation. 

Such information being political in nature may be in the form in false news, photoshopped images, morphed audio or video, photo of the famous person tagged with a fake message or twit.

A large number of people whether urban or rural, are still new to smartphones.  They are unable to differentiate between fake and true news. 

Such pieces of false news are provocative and aggravating.  After reading them, we develop anger and hatred.


Effects of misinformation


False news and misinformation are big strokes on our democracy.  False information often causes protests, mob lynching events and other administrative problems to the state.


fake news


Almost every one or two years, Vidhan sabha elections are held in some state or the other.    Fake news circulated on social media platforms can influence the voters. 

A group of American people allege that the presidential election of the USA in 2016 was influenced by the distribution of misguided information on social media apps and websites.


Our government in collaboration with social media platforms is taking stern action to curb the propagation of fake news.  These apps and websites trace for fake news and after verification delete such pieces of false news and information. 

The central and state governments are taking proper steps to book under the law the persons who spread false information.


what citizens can do to curb the spread of false news


As a responsible citizen, we can also take an active role to stop the spread of false news and information.

To like, forward or share any piece of news or information is nothing but to give consent to it.  So we should ignore such information which is provocative or hateful as it may be fake.

We must cross-verify any news or information through a trusted news website on the internet ahead of sharing it. 

Similarly, we can verify the authenticity of an image by uploading it on google image.  If it shows no result or any source, the image is false.


Also Read :


15 Major Contributions Of India To The World


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Abrogation Of Article 370 And Future Of Jammu & Kashmir


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