The Indian government made a historic decision on August 5, 2019. By scrapping most of the provisions of Article 370 of the Indian constitution, it bifurcated Jammu and Kashmir into two different Union Territories – Jammu-Kashmir and Laddakh.
Jammu & Kashmir is worldwide famous as paradise on the earth. Before the bifurcation of the region, it consisted of three major regions i.e. Jammu, Kashmir and Laddakh.
Jammu, known as winter capital, is a pilgrimage of the holy shrine of Amarnath. Kashmir is blessed with the beauty of landscapes, Himalayan valleys and snow greenery. Laddakh – Little Tibet of India, is renowned for its mountain beauty, Buddhist culture and monasteries.
When Jammu & Kashmir became a part of India, special status was granted to the state by the virtue of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. Through this status, the state was allowed to function through separate laws. Our leaders expected that by giving extra autonomy, the state would flourish and people would lead a happy and prosperous life.
Unfortunately, it could not so happen. The long period of seven decades is enough to decide the fate of the state. In these years, the state had to face the curse of unrest, protest, violence and blood. Jammu & Kashmir could not develop so much as compared to other states of the country.
The state of Jammu & Kashmir always remained a trouble spot. It cost heavily to the country as well in the form of money. The government had to deploy extreme security to maintain normalcy in the region. About, one-fourth of defence budget was expended for the state.
Some countrymen demanded the revocation of Article 370 and 35A granted to Jammu & Kashmir. In their opinion, the extra autonomy was one of the main reasons for the dismal condition of the state.
Now, the Government of India has made Article 370 and 35A inoperative by the Presidential order. Jammu & Kashmir and Laddakh have been made two different Union Territories.
There are several positive impacts of removal of Article 370. First of all, it gives the feeling of “One Nation, One Citizen”. Now we can say with proud that our country is governed by a single constitution.
The revocation of Article 370 is also beneficial for Jammu & Kashmir. The fundamental rights granted under Part 3 of our constitution will now be applicable in the new Union Territory. Besides, the right to education will be applicable that ensures the growth in the region. Business entrepreneurs will be attracted to invest in different fields. New industries and infrastructures will be set up. There will be a substantial increase in employment. All these factors will be helpful to eradicate poverty and Jammu & Kashmir can become the Switzerland of India.
However, it would be wrong to think that the situation in Jammu & Kashmir would change in one night. It would take some more time to emend the plights of people who have suffered for more than 70 years. It is the responsibility of the whole nation to co-operate with the government and not spread any rumour or fake news about the situation in the region.
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