The contributions of India to the world are innumerable. India is a land of great culture and civilization. Science and technology were much developed in ancient India.
It is a country which has a marvellous legacy to the world. There are wonderful contributions to ancient and modern India.
Certainly, these gifts of India changed the world and paved the way for modernisation.
Here are 15 great contributions of India to the world in different fields that make you feel proud of the country.
1. University of Takshashila and Nalanda
Takshashila was the first university in the world. The university flourished in the kingdom of Gandhar from 600BC to 500AD.
At one time, more than 10,000 students from Greek, Syria, China and Babylon studied in the University.
In addition, 68 subjects including Vedas, philosophy, medicine, politics, astronomy, warfare, dance, mathematics were taught in this institution.
The legendary scholars like Kautilya, Vishnu Sharma, Panini and Jivak were the glory of the university.
Nalanda University was one of the most illustrious learning centres of India. The emperor Kumargupta built the university in Bihar around the 5th century.
It was devoted to Buddhist studies but subjects like fine arts, astronomy, politics, the art of war and medicine were also the main topics.
Ayurveda is the natural treatment of diseases. Charak, the father of medicine introduced Ayurveda to the world 2500 years ago.
He propounded many concepts of Ayurveda. For example, the concept of immunity, metabolism and indigestion.
Today Ayurveda is gaining fast acceptance as naturopathy in the world.
The Indian scientist Aryabhata invented the number zero.
Later, in the sixth century, Budhayana explained the concept of Pythagorean Theorem. Moreover, he calculated the value of pi (π).
Similarly, Shridharcharya, in the 11th century, put forward the quadratic equation.
India also introduced the world to the decimal number system, part of trigonometry and calculus.
4. The theory of the atom
Kanad, one of the notable scientists of ancient India devised the atomic theory long before John Dalton. He speculated the existence of paramaanu (atom) or a small indestructible particle.
He also stated that anu have tow states- stationary and motion.
5. Game of snakes & ladders, chess and cards
In the 13th century, a poet-saint namely Gyandev created the game of snakes and ladders. Ancient Indians called it Mokshapat.
The Indian people played the game with cowrie shells and dice. The ladders in the game represented virtue while the snakes indicated vices.
Similarly, the game of chess is believed to have originated in India in the Gupta Empire during the 5th century. People called this game as chaturanga.
Card game, also called suits was played in ancient India with the name karidapatram.
Shushruta is known as the father of surgery. 2600 years ago, Shushruta and his team conducted several surgeries like cataract, urinary stones, caesareans, plastic surgeries and fractures.
Almost 3000 surgeries had been performed and nearly 120 surgical instruments had been invented by the time.
7. Contribution of Indus Valley Civilisation
There are several revolutionary gifts of Indus Valley Civilisation to the world. Around 2000 B.C., people used ornamental buttons in Indus Valley Civilisation.
Not only these buttons were made from seashell but also some of them were carved into the geometric shapes.
Similarly, flush toilet and ruler measurements were the major contributions of this civilisation.
Yoga is a group of physical, mental and spiritual disciplines which originated in ancient India. It is mentioned in Rigveda and developed around 5th BCE.
The renowned philosopher Swami Vivekananda and later Yoga Gurus from India introduced yoga to the western countries.
To this effect, UNESCO listed Yoga as an intangible cultural heritage.
9. Binary numbers
The use of a Binary numbers system is to write a computer program. In this system, only two numbers or symbols are used, typically ‘0’ (zero) and ‘1’ (one).
It was none other than the Indian scholar Pingala developed a binary system for describing prosody in 2nd century BC.
Shampoo was originated in the eastern Indian regions by the Mughal Empire.
However, people used it as head massage, consisting of natural oils and fragrances, instead of modern usages.
It is interesting to know that a Bengali entrepreneur Sake Dean Mahomed, belonged to Bihar introduced the modern shampoo in Britain.
In addition to these, there are several gifts of modern India to the world. Some of them are:
11. Rocket Missile
Rocket science developed initially in Mysore in the empire of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. They successfully deployed the first iron-cased rocket in their military which proved as much fatal the British army.
Subsequently, the technology worked as a great weapon against the British. However, their conflicts made Britishers know about the technology and they used the more developed European rocketry.
It is a device to measure the growth in plants. It was none other than the renowned Indian scientist Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose who invented Crescograp in the early 20th century.
In this instrument, a series of clockwork gears and a smoked glass plate record the movement of the roots of the plant.
So, the invention of crescograph is one of the great inventions in the field of biology.
13. Universal Serial Bus (USB)
We all are familiar with the term USB. This device was defined and developed by an Indian American computer architect Ajay V. Bhatt.
Credit also goes to him for Accelerated Graphic Port (AGP), PCI express and various chipset improvements.
14. Pentium chip
The Indo-American scientist Vinod Dham made a great contribution to the development of Intel’s Pentium Microprocessor.
So, Vinod Dham is popularly famous as the father of the Pentium chip. He also co-invented Intel’s first Flash Memory Technology.
15. Fibre Optic Communication
Narinder Singh Kapani is an Indian born American physicist. His article on fibre optics in Scientific American in 1960 established the term fibre optics.
So, Kapani is, in the true sense, “Father of Fiber Optics”. The Fortune magazine honoured him as one of the seven “Unsung Heroes”.
The uses of optical fibres are in voice, data and video transmission technologies and also in medical purpose such as endoscopy.
To sum up, we can say that India gave the world in each and every field and for this, we should proud of our country.
Through these contributions, India not only became the greatest country in the world but also enlightened the world to go on the path of development.
If you know some more contributions of India to the world, please write in the comment box.
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