Delhi is the heart of India. It is built on the bank of the river Yamuna. Delhi is one of the fastest developing cities in the world. Consequently, people around the globe come to visit this historical city. Delhi was ransacked and rebuilt almost six times which says the story of its solidarity.
People often call Dilli hai dilwalon ki which means Delhi people are kind-hearted. They give the reference of this city as Dilli abhi dur hai when they want to say some task is far from its completion. Another interesting though not so popular idiom is Aas paas barse, Dilli pani tarse, referring the semi-dry climate of Delhi. The idiom describes the situation when someone is surrounded by the plenty but they lack the same thing.
People say that the name of this city is a derivation from Dilu, a king. He built a city on this location in 50 BC and named it after himself. Delhi has so many interesting things that make the city unique and amazing. Here we are sharing 15 incredible facts about the capital city Delhi and hope you would enjoy the reading.
1. Biggest wholesale spice market in Asia
A Delhi street namely Khari Baoli is the largest wholesale spice market in Asia. It sells all kinds of spices including nuts, herbs, rice, tea and other food products. The market is near Red Fort and Chandni Chowk. The market has been operating since the 17th century.
One of the interesting facts about this market is that many shops are known by their numbers, e.g., 10 Number Ki Dukan, Chawal Waale 12. For example, one famous pickle shop namely Harnaraisn Internationa has been still running since 1860.
2. Second most popular metro service
The Delhi Metro is India’s second modern public transport. Moreover, it is the world’s largest 10th metro service covering a total distance of 311 kilometres. Including the Delhi city, it runs through Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgaon and Noida.
For the last ten years, the Delhi metro is providing fast, comfortable and safe transport to its passengers. Everyday, millions of passengers travel by metro. It has a partnership with Google India to provide schedule and route information on Smartphone. One of the attractions of Delhi metro is the combination of underground, elevated and ad-grade tracks. To sum up, the Delhi metro is the pride of India.
3. A walled city
Old Delhi or Purani Delhi is a walled city. Mughal emperor Shah Jahan had built this part of the city in the 17th century. He entrenched the city with 14 gates to protect from the British company. Major parts of the walls and gates got damaged during 1857 revolt. However, 5 gates are still standing. These gates namely Delhi Gate, Turkman Gate, Ajmeri Gate, Lahori Gate and Kashmiri Gate are tourists’ attraction.
4. World’s largest eco-friendly transport system
Public buses in Delhi are operated by state-owned Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC). In 1998, the Supreme Court of India made all public buses mandatory to be fuelled by Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). DTC has the largest fleet of CNG-fuelled buses in the world. The entire public transport system in Delhi is eco-friendly. As a result, air pollution in Delhi has decreased after the use of CNG in public transport.
5. World’s tallest brick minaret
A victory tower namely Qutub Minar is situated in Mehrauli area of Delhi. UNESCO has declared it a world heritage site. The 73-meter long minaret has a staircase of 379 steps. The Delhi Sultanate king Qutub-din Aibak started its construction whereas his successor Iltutmish completed the minaret.
6. City of toilet museum
Delhi has Sulabh International Museum of Toilets, one of weirdest in its kind. A social activist namely Bindeshwar Pathak established this museum to highlight the problems of sanitation in the country. The museum has exhibits of ancient, medieval and modern toilets from 50 countries.
7. Asia’s largest fruit market
Azadpur mandi of Delhi is Asia’s largest wholesale fruit and vegetable market. Every midnight, thousands of trucks loaded with fresh fruits and vegetables enter the market. Therefore, the traders of Azadpur market do not sleep at night here. The market looks so colourful during the night in the artificial lights. Nearly 30,000 wholesalers and retailers run the business of fruits and vegetables in the market.
8. Trams were a part of Delhi transport
Presently India has only one tram network in Kolkata. But it is interesting to learn that trams would also run in Delhi years before. The Delhi tram system started in 1908. The trams had 24 cars and run on 24 kilometres of track. They would cross over Jama Masjid, Chandni Chowk, Sadar Bazar, Pahar Ganj, Ajmeri Gate and Tis Hazari. The system got discontinued due to increasing population.
9. Red fort was once white in colour
Red Fort is one of the historical places in Delhi. Mughal Emperor Shahjahan built this when he shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi. Red Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Every year on Independence Day, the Prime Minister of India hoists tricolour flag at the fort’s main gate and addresses the nation.
Parts of the Red Fort were made of limestone. So the building was initially white in colour. The original name of the building was Qila-e-Mubarak (Blessed Fort). Gradually the white stone of the building began chipping off. Thereafter, the British got the fort painted with red colour. Since then the natives began to call it Red Fort.
10. The only Bahai temple in Asia
The Lotus Temple of Delhi is the only place of Bahai faith in Asia. Moreover, it has won several architectural awards. The main attraction of this temple is its flowerlike shape. In the year 2001, it was the most visited tourist place in the world.
11. The host of the first Asian Games
The first Asian Games also called 1951 Asian Games were held in Delhi. The venue of the games was Irwin Amphitheatre which was later renamed as National Stadium. A total of 489 athletes from 11 countries participated in the event. Japan got the most 60 medals including 24 gold. India stood the second position with 15 golds and 51 overall medals.
Delhi was again the host of 9th Asian Games in 1982.
12. Third largest Hindu temple
Swaminarayan Akshardham is the third largest Hindu temple in India. The temple covers an area of about 83,000 sq feet. It reflects the ancient Indian culture, spirituality and architecture. This magnificent place is surrounded by Narayan Sarovar lake which carries water of 151 lakes in India. In addition, the complex has Yagnapurush Kunda which is the largest yagna kunda in the world. The Guinness Book of World Records declared it the largest comprehensive Hindu temple in the world.
13. World’s second-largest bird-rich capital city
Delhi is the second-largest bird-rich capital worldwide. Nairobi (Kenya) is in the top position. It is also interesting to know that there is a charity bird hospital near Chandni Chowk. The hospital treats free of cost injured and sick birds that Delhi people bring here.
14. One of the greenest cities
Although Delhi is a polluted city, it is one of the greenest metro cities of the world. It covers 20% of the forest area which is greater than other metropolitan cities.
15. Designed by a British Architect
Sometimes, Delhi is also called Lutyens Delhi. The reason is that a British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens designed most part of the city. He also designed 4 bungalows of Rashtrapati Bhawan. These areas were constructed when the British decided to move the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi.
So, these are some mind-blowing facts of the capital city Delhi. Further to say, the capital city has the highest number of registered cars in India. Similarly, Feroz Shah Kotla stadium is the second oldest cricket stadium of India.
Also Read :